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‘What is a diamond cutter’ first of all, let me talk about a Diamond. Diamond is one of the most precious gems that is widely used in jewelry making. The colorless gemstone is the only pure material made from carbon. In other words, a diamond is just a special form of carbon. Diamond is much stronger than all-natural materials known to man. With this, it’s possible to work at the highest temperatures.
The value of a diamond depends on four factors. Namely – the color, how it was cut, how transparent it is, and how many carats weights. The price difference between mineral Diamonds and diamonds cut for ornaments is huge.
The diamonds in jewelry
Thanks to its hardness, the diamond can only be scratched by other diamonds. Also, it is able to preserve the polishing for long periods of time. It is thus suitable to be worn daily, resisting wear very well, and so is widely used.
When you look at experienced diamond cutters, the worry is that diamond cutters are very easy to use. But after trying to cut diamonds on their own, many come up with disappointment. And are frustrated by their own ability. But don’t do it beforehand. If you know some common cutting functions, this tool is easy to use. Diamond cutting is the custom of turning a diamond from a rough stone into a gemstone. Special knowledge, tools, equipment, and techniques are required. Because of the ultimate difficulty in cutting diamonds. You’re not clear yet completely about’ what is a diamond cutter’ that’s why read continue.
Diamond cutting process
To mean what is diamond cutter reflects the cutting process of rough diamonds to shaped gems. Sometimes diamond cutter measures the man who cuts the diamond. And sometimes the tools used to cut the particles. So if you go through the details you should know the process:
Once all the rough diamonds have been examined, the stone is marked to decide how it should be cut to get the shape. At this point, the shape of the rough diamond is measured. As well as the number and location of imperfections that should be taken. The marker or planner must determine the direction of cleavage (or grain) in the diamond. Due to the atomic structure of the diamond, it can be cleaved in four directions parallel to the crystal faces of the octahedron.
If the planner decides that the stone should be split, then it goes to the cleaver. Large diamonds are often pre-cut. It’s done by dividing them into pieces of suitable size for raw cutting. For stones of considerable size and value, cleavage is essential. Because an error on the part of the planner or cleaver could break the stone. Using another diamond as a sizing tool, a groove is cut along the line indicating where the stone is to be cleaved. The cleaver mounts the diamond in a dop or support. Inserts a steel wedge into the groove. And strikes the wedge with a mallet to split the diamond along its cleavage.
The third step (or the second if cleavage is not needed) is sawing. The specialty saw is a very fine phosphor bronze disc. Which rotates on a horizontal spindle at around 4000 rpm. Raising the diamond into a dop, the sawyer fixes the diamond so that it rests on the top of the blade. The edge of the saw is loaded with diamond dust. So the blade continues to recharge with the diamond from the cut crystal. The saw can cut a 1-carat rough diamond in 4 to 8 hours, but if it reaches a knot, the process can last much longer.
Today, many diamonds are cut with laser equipment, much more accurate and efficient. The laser saw revolutionized the diamond size since its introduction in the 1930s. The stone is mounted on a dop to pass through the powerful laser beam. While the progression is monitored on a screen. The graphite burned by the high-temperature laser leaves a black mark on both sides of the stone where the laser has cut. Thus, these sides must then be polished. In some cases, weight loss is greater than that of conventional sawing.
The biggest advantage of laser size is its accuracy. There is no sharp edge to use and lasers are less likely to deform the diamond. Because the heat is confined to a very narrow space. As this method causes less friction on the stone, it is also safer. Even if the temperatures are extremely high. Efficiency is also an advantage. Because less manual labor and high-speed technology allow for faster production.
The next step is called final debridement and can also be called chipping or bruiting. The stone is placed in the chuck of a debriding machine. And as it turns, a second diamond mounted in a dop at the end of a long handle is held against it. This process of cutting slowly rounds the unshaped diamond into a cone shape.
Once the diamond has been broken, it is sent to the lapping, or cross-tail and eight-eight. Which specializes in placing the first 18 main facets on a brilliant-cut diamond. Then, it is sent to the shine maker who creates and polishes the remaining 40 facets. At the time diamond is cut in a standard size to 58 facets. For setting up and polishing, the stone is set either in a solder dop or in a mechanical clamp. And held on a cast iron turntable (horizontal circular disc) loaded with diamond dust. Special attention is needed at the faceting stage. Because, as the angles of the facets must be accurate to produce maximum gloss. And their sizes must be precisely adjusted to maintain symmetry.
Once the faceted diamond has been inspected and approved, it is then boiled. Not in water but in hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid to remove all traces of dust and oil. It is then considered a finished and polished diamond. These loose diamonds are then ready for distribution. To create products for diamond consumers it delivered to wholesalers, manufacturers, and retailers
If you need more about what is a diamond cutter and how is the cutting process, you can inform us.
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