Water Filtration System is a treatment process for water. This system can reduce up to 99% of lead and 76 other contaminants from your drinking water. It’s an easy way to stay healthy and hydrated. But finding the best or most effective whole house water filtration system is hard. Know how to choose the best quality water filtration system for your home.
Drinking water from the Water Filtration System is Healthy.
Water Filtration System used at home to get safe, pure and great-tasting water. You use your drinking water for everything. From washing vegetables to drinking your baby at dinner you use this water.
Most at home, source water treats drinking water with chemicals. To rid it of contaminants sometimes chlorine and chloramines included. Chlorine and chloramines are effective in treating bacteria in the water.
But they can miss certain contaminants that are harmful to your health and well-being. That’s why you should protect your family with a high-quality drinking water filtration system.
What is Water Filtration System?
To improve the taste of home water and to purify it, there are two main types of treatment. Water filtration or Disinfection. The water filtration system is the process that is used to purify particles and pollutants from source water.
You can get water to whether it is a water supply system, rainwater collection, water from a tap or a line. But filtration may need as necessary. It is not recommended, even mandatory.
To filter water, several devices are using similar methods. They all made for the same result of retaining particles and elements suspended in water:
Some of the water filtration devices are used to filter the water of the whole house. Others are placed on a distribution point or external point to the installation. It depends on the filtration level so that the range of the particles maintained. One chooses a water filtration system depending on the volume of water to be filtered. ( Check The Top 16 water filter review )
Water filtration: why?
The main purpose of the water filtration system is simple: it is to get the purest water possible. Drinking quality water is part of your good health.
If you do not want to buy water bottles that are both heavy, expensive and polluting the environment. There are other solutions: water filtration systems. It’s simple-to-install at your home. Also easy to use a water filtration system comes with a variety of features.
There are two main reasons for filtering water depending on where it comes from. Depending on the source of the water, one may have the need to make sure one or more filtration.
Water Supply network
The water supply network is always considered drinkable. That is to say, changed for human consumption. You should bear in mind that suitable for human consumption at a rate of 2 liters per day for a healthy adult.
However, the limitations and quality controls allow the presence by decree of certain chlorides, sulfates, nitrates, hydrocarbons, pesticides and heavy metals (lead, cadmium, arsenic, cyanides …). Even of quite a large number of bacteria (up to 20,000 Escherichia coli and more than 10,000 enterococci per 100 milliliters).
As a result, tap water, if it qualified as drinkable, is still used with various products. But the majority desire not to take in.
Raw water is not assumed and never considered safe. Generally, it indicates well water or rainwater harvesting. One can use this water for watering the garden and washing outside. Without having the water making drinkable, one may not want to use this water for this home use.
To use this water for any in-house work (sanitary, floor washing …), it is essential to filter it first in order to remove the unwanted particles (dust, insect larvae, lichens, algae…).
Water filtration systems and purifiers are chosen according to some characteristics. The number of draw points, the volume of water and the desired level of filtration. Sometimes you want to filter your entire supply. Then you should select a suitable water filtration system.
You can also choose a water filtration system to filter the water depending on the flow point. In this case, only on a single draw point, you can choose between:
The filters for shower or bath that arise either upstream of the valve or downstream of the hose (there are even the filter showers);
And filters for the sink with the possibility of placing them in a cabinet low upstream of the tap or directly on the tap nose itself.
In fact, there are several water filtration solutions. They adapted to each type of need. For example the filter jug, the filter cartridge, the filter bag, the filter media, and the osmosis unit.
Water Filtration System: Clarifications
Filtration consists of retaining in a sieve (the filter or membrane) particles whose diameter is too large to cross the mesh. It is enough to pass the water through the filter so that it flows free of these particles.
Filtration is termed as a function of the diameter of the particles retained by the filter (sieve) and there are several common names.
This filtration is mandatory for purify the rainwater. It is used inside the premises (flushing and soil maintenance only). Filtration does not need water pressure to pass through the filter.
Generally, it is a layer that the water passes through a membrane filter. It requires pressurization of the liquid. Micro-filtration retains dissolved solids in water. That is 10 to 0.1 μm (micrometers) in size depending on the membrane.
It can remove all the harmful organic substances. The membrane can block the viruses also the antibiotics. The size of the meshes varies from 0.1 to 0.001 μm according to the level of filtration you looking for. Thus it’s easy to filter the water through the process of the water filtration system.
It retains molecules larger than those of water (H2O), from 0.1 nm (nano-meter) to 0.001 μm (micrometer). The water can thus be rid of all its pollutants, metals, dyes and even limestone (calcium and magnesium).
It is also called reverse osmosis. Generally, it consists of using a succession of filters. It polarizes the water in the membranes. Reverse osmosis produces ultra-pure water. It used in electronics and the pharmaceutical industry.
Good to know: Before getting a water filtration system or device, we must compare. Not only the level of filtration achieved but also the cost per liter of filtered water. It takes into account the device and its possible electricity consumption. But also above all the availability and price of consumables (cartridges, filter colander, etc.).
Water Filtration System: Components & Functions
Here we will explain the components of these Water Filtration Systems. So that you can choose your whole house water filtration system according to your needs.
These water filtration systems allow you to remove contaminants from water. It can provide you pure drinking water for your home or offices.
A Water Filtration System is perfect and effective for improving water quality. So you should use it in offices, restaurants, schools, buildings, shopping centers, etc.
1. SEDIMENT FILTER
The sediment filter is the first step in the water filtration process. It removes particles suspended in the water. Such as sand grains, small pieces of organic matter or any other small particle in the water supply.
Sediment filters do not remove chemicals or heavy metals. But can remove rust flakes from water pipes.
Absorption is a process by which a substance adheres to an adsorbent surface. In this case, activated carbon may be the best example.
Absorption occurs because the molecules have attractive forces. These molecules are looking for others to adhere to. Water is known as a polar solvent. That means water has positive and negative molecules.
2. ACTIVATED CARBON
Activated carbon is non-polar. Thus it has neither positive nor negative force. Most organic pollutants are also non-polar such as the surface of activated carbon. Because of that, they are not dissolved in the water. They approach the surface of the carbon. And absorbed (adhered) to it instead of being dissolved. For the water.
The use of coal will depend on the quality of the water to be treated. Also, it measured the frequency of the retro washes of the filter. That is why these filters should be washed correctly to keep the filter clean and in good condition.
Activated carbon filters are manufactured in tanks of different materials. Such as fiberglass, stainless steel or carbon steel, all with a sanitary finish and internal anti-corrosive.
A water softener is a special type of “filter” that removes calcium and magnesium in hard water. It uses plastic beads that periodically cleans itself by a process called “regeneration.”
Water softeners have three components: a mineral tank, a brine tank, and a control valve.
The smaller capacity models combine the mineral tank with the brine tanks in a cabinet. But the two tanks are still separated inside the cabinet.
This Water Filtration System (softener) with greater capacity for water flow has separate tanks for minerals and brine.
The mineral tank: The mineral tank is the main function part. It is wherever the water filtration takes place and also the water is softened (calcium and Mg square measure removed).
Brine tank: The brine tank is a single store place. A highly concentrated solution of salt or potassium is stored there.
Control valve: The control valve controls the flow of source water into and out of the mineral and brine tanks during the regeneration process.
4. REVERSE OSMOSIS
In this water filtration process, water is forced to pass through a semipermeable membrane. It can prevent certain elements contained in the water from passing. Such as viruses, bacteria, sediments, chemicals, salts, minerals, and heavy metals.
This membrane has many pores of a very small size. Water molecules can pass through the pores of the membrane. But the particles found in the water are not small enough to do so. So they are trapped on one side and cannot pass to the other.
The nature of the material with which they are made is very important. Thus the membranes prevent the passing of material particles by the size of their pores.
The reverse osmosis water filtration process removes, among other components, sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, manganese, aluminum, ammonium, copper, zinc, strontium, cadmium, silver, mercury, barium, chromium, lead, chloride, bicarbonate, nitrate, fluoride, silicate, phosphate, cyanide, bromide, arsenic, selenium. Among other metals and chemical compounds, such as chlorine and chloroforms in a proportion of 90% to 98%. // you can use this content or not//
Contaminants are removed resulting in the pure, clear and refreshing water. You can get ultra-quality pure water like those sold in plastic or glass containers.
The bottling companies of purified water use this water filtration system. Because Semi-permeable membrane eliminates the salts and minerals contained in the water.
This high capacity water filtration system provides new opportunities for commercials. A greater innovation, greater opportunities with high-quality performance.
5. ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT
Ultraviolet light has proven to be an effective and safe technique for purifying the water. This system is useful for the disinfection of biologically contaminated water.
Its main function is to remove bacteria, viruses, and pathogens.
You should know that ultraviolet light is physical treatment. It does not store any dangerous chemicals.
Extra levels of water have no danger or negative effects.
Note: Sometimes water filtration systems provide excessive soften water. It happens during the filtration of minerals (calcium, magnesium). That should not be consumed alone for drinking.
This is why water softeners are positioned only on the hot water and cold water will not be softened too much.